Insect repellents are available in various
forms and concentrations. Many skin preparations are available, mostly
containing di-ethyltoluamide (DEET).
For those allergic to DEET, alternatives
include Dimethyl Pthalate (contained in 'shoo') or Eucalyptus oil (contained
Aerosol and pump-spray products are available
which are suitable for treating clothing - if aerosols and pump sprays
are used on skin it is best to spray liquid onto your hand and then rub
onto exposed areas.
Liquid, creams, lotions and sticks are
designed for skin application.
Products with a lower concentration are
usually used on skin and higher concentrations on clothes.
insect repellents safely
Clothes are the best protection - normally
only use repellents on the remaining exposed areas of skin and shirt collars
and cuffs and the ankle bottoms of trousers or slacks.
Mosquitoes can bite skin through skin-tight
clothes - it is always best to wear loose fitting garments.
Never use repellents over cuts, wounds,
or irritated skin.
Don't apply to eyes and mouth, and apply
sparingly around ears. When using sprays do not spray directly onto face;
spray on hands first and then apply to face.
Do not allow young children to handle
repellents - they may get them into their eyes. Apply to your own hands
and to the child's skin.
Use just enough repellent to cover exposed
skin. Heavy application is unnecessary.
After use, wash treated skin. This is
particularly important when repellents are used repeatedly.
If you suspect that you or your children
are reacting to an insect repellent, discontinue use, wash treated skin
and then contact your doctor.
Always follow the manufacturer's instructions.
source: Scottish NHS