Albania - Health Advice
Albanian flag (Shqiperia / Albanien / Albanie) Health advice for

Confirm those recommended for use in your country of residence are up to date, especially those for children and adult boosters of poliomyelitis and tetanus.

Courses or boosters usually advised: hepatitis A;
Vaccines sometimes advised: poliomyelitis; tuberculosis; diphtheria; hepatitis B; tickborne encephalitis; typhoid.

Rabies is not normally present but animal or bat bites should always be assessed carefully.

Yellow fever certificate required if entering from an infected country and over 1 year old.

Tetanus is contracted through dirty cuts and scratches and poliomyelitis spread through contaminated food and water. They are serious infections of the nervous system.

Typhoid and hepatitis A are spread through contaminated food and water. Typhoid causes septicaemia and hepatitis A causes liver inflammation and jaundice. In risk areas you should be immunised if good hygiene is impossible.

Tuberculosis is most commonly transmitted via droplet infection. Those going to countries where it is common, especially those mixing closely with the local population and those at occupational risk, e.g. health care workers, should ensure that they have previously been immunised. Check with your doctor or nurse.

Diphtheria is also spread by droplet infection through close personal contact. Vaccination is advised if close contact with locals in risk areas is likely.

Hepatitis B is spread through infected blood, contaminated needles and sexual intercourse. It affects the liver, causes jaundice and occasionally liver failure. Those visiting high risk areas for long periods or at social or occupational risk should be immunised.

Tickborne encephalitis is spread by tick bites. It is a serious infection of the brain and vaccination is advised for those in risk areas unable to avoid tick bites such as campers, forestry workers and ramblers.

Malaria is not normally present

source: Scottish NHS
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Albania - Health Advice