|Algeria - Health Advice||
|Health advice for
Confirm those recommended for use in your country of residence are up to date, especially those for children and adult boosters of poliomyelitis and tetanus.
Courses or boosters usually
advised: hepatitis A; typhoid.
Vaccines sometimes advised: tuberculosis; rabies; diphtheria; hepatitis B.; poliomyelitis
Yellow fever certificate required if entering from an infected country and over 1 year old.
NOTES ON THE DISEASES MENTIONED
Tetanus is contracted through dirty cuts and scratches and poliomyelitis spread through contaminated food and water. They are serious infections of the nervous system.
Typhoid and hepatitis A are spread through contaminated food and water. Typhoid causes septicaemia and hepatitis A causes liver inflammation and jaundice. In risk areas you should be immunised if good hygiene is impossible.
Hepatitis B is spread through infected blood, contaminated needles and sexual intercourse, It affects the liver, causes jaundice and occasionally liver failure. Those visiting high risk areas for long periods or at social or occupational risk should be immunised.
Tuberculosis is most commonly transmitted via droplet infection. Those going to countries where it is common, especially those mixing closely with the local population and those at occupational risk, e.g. health care workers, should ensure that they have previously been immunised. Check with your doctor or nurse.
Diphtheria is also spread by droplet infection through close personal contact. Vaccination is advised if close contact with locals in risk areas is likely.
Rabies is spread through
bites or licks on broken skin from an infected animal. It is always fatal.
Vaccination is advised for those going to risk areas that will be remote
from a reliable source of vaccine. Even when pre-exposure vaccines have
been received urgent medical advice should be sought after any animal bite.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease transmitted by mosquitoes. You cannot be vaccinated against malaria.
Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net.
In Algeria the risk of malaria is limited to the Ihir area and antimalarial tablets are not normally recommended.
Prompt investigation of fever is recommended
instead of prophylaxis in view of the low risk.
source: Scottish NHS
|see also: images, health, images of Algeria, UNESCO sites, flags, airports, airlines, time zones, currencies, dialling codes|
|Algeria - Health Advice||