|Government in Azerbaijan- Hükümet||
-conventional long form: Azerbaijani Republic
-conventional short form: Azerbaijan
-local form: Azerbaycan Respublikasi
-formerly: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR)- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Map of Azerbaijan
Government type: republic
- 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon - singular),
- 11 cities (saharlar; sahar - singular),
- 1 autonomous republic (Naxcivan Muxtar Respublika);
Complete A to Z list:
Independence: 30 August 1991 (from the USSR)
Independence Day/ Day of the Republic: 28 May (celebrates Azerbaijan's
pre-Soviet declaration of independence in 1918)
Constitution: Prepared by the 'Commission for draft preparation of new Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic' under the chairmanship of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic, adopted on 12 of November 1995 by the Referendum of the Azerbaijan Republic. Came into force since 27 of November 1995. Full text (in English). Issues relating to compliance with the constitution are under the scope of the Constitutional Court.
Legal system: based on civil law system.
The legal system of Azerbaijan has changed little from the system of the Soviet period. The national Supreme Court serves as a court of appeals; below it are two levels of judicial jurisdiction, the district and municipal courts.
These courts, supposedly independent, are not immune to political manipulation, as evidenced by Aliyev's ouster of the chief justice of the Supreme Court in July 1993 because of the judge's support for Elchibey and the APF.
Trials are generally
public, and defendants have the right to choose their own attorney, be
present at their own trials, confront witnesses, present evidence, and
appeal the verdict. In cases involving national security or sex offenses,
a judge may decide to hold a closed trial. Despite the other stipulated
rights of the defendant, the presumption of innocence has not been incorporated
specifically into the criminal code. Thus the decision of the state prosecutor
to bring a case to trial has considerable bearing on the final verdict.
Library of Congress)
-chief of state:
Aliyev (since October 2003)
should you need to contact the president, the telephone is: 651011
(the president's office is on 19 Istiglaliet street, Baku 370066 - the 'White House')
prime minister Artur Rasizade (since October 2003)
should you need to contact the prime minister, the telephone is: 925344
of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly
(the council of ministers is on 68 Lermontov street, Baku 370066 - tel. 924422)
During the recent years the government has managed to keep some political, social and economic stability. However it is accused by the opposition parties of corruption, nepotism and inefficiency. Great influence at all levels is exerted by several groups, among them: the presidential circle, the army, the interior ministry and the border police.
Standards of living are still low and, if the new oil revenues do not appear to percolate at all down to the general population, there is scope for social and political unrest. While the government's authoritarian methods have contained serious political opposition to date, this makes it even more likely that, when the Aliyev dynasty finally relinquishes power, the country could face political turmoil.
of Agriculture and Food
4 Shikali Gurbanov, 370078
6 S. Vurgun
of Material Resources
33 Azerbaijan av, 370139
of Foreign Affairs
3 Gyanjlik sq.
of National Security
2 Parlamentsky av.
Government House, 370016
Information and Press
12 A. Javad
of Public Health
4 Kichic Sahil
3 Azizbayov av, 370073.
of Internal Affairs
7 H. Hajiyev
Government House, 370016
13 Bul-Bul av.
of Youth and Sport
98a F. Khoisky av.
of Labour and Social Welfare
of Foreign Economic Relations
68 Lermontov st., 370066
of Local Industry
Government House, 370016
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Elections: The current constitution institutes a strong presidential system. The president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term. The 2003 presidential election was classified as not fair by the OSCE (next elections: October 2008). The prime minister and first deputy prime ministers are appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly. Prospective ministers do not have to be MPs.
Local power is weak, Azerbaijan held its first post-Soviet local elections only on December 1999, filling about 21.000 local power positions. The Council of Europe has stated that the local elections in Azerbaijan were marked by serious violations which could effect the result.
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or "Milli Mejlis" (with 125 seats; like the President, the Milli Mejlis members serve five-year terms). There is one empty seat for the Nagorno-Karabakh representative. The last parliamentary election of the millennium was held in November 2000, and again the OSCE reported ballot-stuffing, intimidation of opposition party members, and manipulation of turnout figures. According to the OSCE and the Council of Europe the counting process was completely flawed. The government party, Yeni Azarbaycan, elected 79 MPs, from a list headed by president Aliyev's son Ilham.
In this site you can also find the English translation of some of the laws most relevant for foreigners living, visiting or doing business in Azerbaijan, see legislation. The parliament is located on 1 Parliament street, Baku 370152 - tel. 926675.
the spring of 2000 several other opposition leaders were arrested when
demonstrating for free elections. The winter of 2000 brought new demonstrations
this time protesting against fraud in the general elections. As one diplomat
says, it feels and looks a bit like a slightly seedy Gulf emirate.
Political pressure groups:
Membership in international organisations:
|see also: human rights, NGOs, legislation, history, geography, people, Heydar Aliyev, places, summary, Baku airport, images|
|A to Z of Azerbaijan / A dan Z ye Azerbaycan||